Small-scale Farmers’ Challenge of Integration into the World Market

By Ivy Drafor and George T-M. Kwadzo.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Concerns about the effects of globalization on small-scale farmers in Africa have been an issue of debate for the past two decades. Globalization comes with rewards as well as challenges and affects farmers around the world in different ways, based on their specific characteristics, the nature of their market networks and cropping patterns. Field results from three farming systems in Ghana show that winner households in the process of globalization have relatively larger farms, produce high value crops, have a relatively well educated household member and have stronger market networks. Loser households had a small share of their output that is traded. The geographic location, nature of market linkages, environmental conditions, and the extent of infrastructural development of a particular farming system were found to affect the degree of market integration. Targeted support to acquire production inputs and effectively market farm produce can enhance the opportunities for better integration into the global market system, reduce poverty, and increase farmer incomes.

Keywords: Globalization, Cropping Patterns, Ghana, Small-scale Farmers, Market Integration

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 7, Issue 6, pp.1-12. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 827.320KB).

Dr. Ivy Drafor

Senior Lecturer, Economics Department, Methodist University College Ghana, Accra, Greater Accra, Ghana

Dr. Ivy Drafor has B.Sc and M.Sc. from University of Guelph, and a PhD from University of Ghana in collaboration with Cornell University. She has been on full-time university faculty since 1995 and has carried out research on food security, gender and farming systems, water and sanitation for persons with disabilities, and community development initiatives. She is concerned about issues in rural development and the progress of the rural populations. She has led research initiatives, working with inter-disciplinary and inter-institutional teams as a consultant for national and multinational organizations. Dr. Drafor is a 2008-2010 African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD) Fellow, which is under the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)’s Gender Diversity Programme. She has published a number of articles and made presentations at national and international conferences. She spent about six months at the University of Pretoria as a Post-doctoral fellow.

Dr. George T-M. Kwadzo

Lecturer, Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, University of Ghana, Accra, Greater Accra, Ghana

Dr. George T-M. Kwadzo holds a PhD from the University of Strathclyde in Development Economics. He obtained B.Sc. (Hons) Agriculture degree from University of Ghana in 1978. He has worked as a lecturer for almost fifteen years and has published numerous journal articles and chapters in books. In between this period he worked with the private sector for a period of eight years, first as Director of Research and Development with TechnoServe (an American NGO) and later as Agricultural Policy Specialist (the Service Group of the USA). His areas of research interest are agricultural development, poverty reduction and international trade. He has provided service as consultant to various domestic and international organizations including the World Bank, FAO, IFAD, AfDB, USAID, DfID, GTZ, and numerous internal NGOs and several ministries and institutions in Ghana. He teaches both undergraduate and graduate level courses, supervises student research work at undergraduate, masters and doctoral levels.


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