Sustainable Metropolitan Development: Towards an Operational Model for Semarang Metropolitan Region

By Agung Sugiri, Imam Buchori and Sugiono Soetomo.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Evidence shows that spatial dynamics in Semarang Metropolitan Region tend not to encourage sustainable development. Spatial interactions, especially in journeys to work, have been using inefficient transport energy. A sprawling growth process that is still continuing also shares in the ineffective cost of development, especially in public infrastructure. Residential areas have also been expanding to land that is supposedly conserved. Furthermore, rural urban linkages have not been able to properly alleviate poverty and minimise economic inequality, as seen in the fluctuating nature in poverty incidence and increasing individual as well as spatial inequality. All this prompts an important question to be answered, which is: “How can spatial dynamics in a metropolitan region be facilitated to ensure sustainable development?” This paper seeks an operational model of sustainable metropolitan development applicable to Semarang Metropolitan Region, which is the first important step towards answering the research question. Sustaining metropolitan development requires that the structure and function be able to minimise the use of energy and natural resources, encourage the socially optimal situation, strengthen regional comparative advantages, and encourage involvement of the majority of people in productive activities. A good system of interactions between spatial units in a metropolitan region can thus help ensuring sustainable development. It would increase the efficiency of interactions between cities, which means minimising the use of energy, strengthening good spatial linkages and thus encouraging people to participate in productive activities. Further discussions lead to a set of strategies that is needed for facilitating the spatial dynamics of Semarang Metropolitan Region towards sustaining the development. However, an in-depth study using the case of a suburb that has an exceptional role in the spatial dynamics of Semarang Metropolitan Region is needed to answer the research question completely. This is especially needed in this era of participatory approaches to development. The suburb of Bandungan, which has been quickly becoming a regional centre for certain functions, especially tourism and a market for agricultural products, is perfectly matched with the purpose and thus recommended as the case study.

Keywords: Metropolitan Region, Rural Urban Linkages, Semarang, Spatial Dynamics, Sustainable Development

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 7, Issue 5, pp.301-324. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.065MB).

Agung Sugiri

Lecturer, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia

Mr. Sugiri is a lecturer at the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University, Semarang - Indonesia. He pioneered teaching “Sustainable Development” in his university in 2000 as a subject for Bachelor’s and Master’s programs. He has got his Bachelor’s degree from ITB (Institute of Technology, Bandung) and his Master of Planning Studies from University of Queensland (UQ), Australia. He is now finishing his PhD research, upon completion of which will be submitted to UQ for examination. An important excerpt of his PhD thesis has been published as a chapter (“Redressing Equity Issues in Natural Resource-Rich Regions: A Theoretical Framework for Sustaining Development in East Kalimantan, Indonesia”) in a book (Environmental Ethics: Sustainability and Education, edited by E. Weber), published by Interdisciplinary Press, Oxford in 2009.

Dr. Imam Buchori

Head of Department, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia

Dr. Buchori got his Bachelor’s degree in Regional and City Planning from ITB (Institute of Technology, Bandung) and his PhD in Geoinformatics Applications for Spatial Planning from Vechta University, Germany. His research interests include Urban and Regional Modelling and applications of GIS in Urban and Regional Planning.

Prof. Sugiono Soetomo

Professor, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia

Prof. Soetomo is among the founding fathers of the Department of Urban and Regional Planning at Diponegoro University. He got his Bachelor’s degree of Architecture from ITB (Institute of Technology, Bandung), his Master’s in Urbanism (DEA) and his PhD in Urbanism from The University of Paris VIII. His research interest includes Urban Morphology, Urbanisation, Rural Urban Linkages and Metropolitanisation.


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