Sustainable Development in South America: A Case Study of the Agricultural Sector of Peru

By Mariaelena A. Huambachano.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper explores the scope of sustainable development practices in South America with a special focus on sustainable development practices in the agricultural sector of Peru. The agricultural sector plays a key role in the economy of Peru with a contribution of around 8.2 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product. Concerns over the unsustainable nature of the agricultural sector of Peru in recent years has raised questions as to what are the underlying factors preventing the sector from producing sustainable agricultural products. Consequent to this, the agricultural sector of Peru has faced criticism over deforestation, land degradation and pesticide pollution. The four identified factors that hinder the adoption of sustainable practices in the agricultural sector of Peru have been identified: financial resource limitations, environmental degradation, hyper-urbanisation and political instability. This article concludes that with possible factors drawn together to resolve these challenges, the end result will yield economic well-being, social justice, and environmental conservation in the entire country.

Keywords: Sustainable Development, Peru, Agriculture, Land Degradation, Hyper-Urbanisation, Political System, Financial Resources

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp.33-46. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 853.905KB).

Dr Mariaelena A. Huambachano

Advisor-Private Traning Establishment and Community Education Directorate for the Tertiary Education Commission-New Zealand, School of Management and International Business, Massey University, Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

I have just completed a Master of International Business majoring in Management and International Business from Massey University. The research topic of my Master thesis is: Sustainable Development in South America: A case study of the Agricultural sector of Peru. Presently, I work for a New Zealand Government body being the Tertiary Education Commission (TEC) which has provided me with the opportunity to start implementing the first TEC Sustainability Policy. I am very passionate about Sustainability hence I am actively involved in conferences, workshops. I have just been part of the judging panel in the latest Sustainability 60 Awards hosted in December in Auckland-New Zealand. I also dedicate my free time to do research and write my findings on topics of my interest such as Corporate Sustainability, countries heritage and environment under the supervision of Dr Gabriel Eweje who is the Senior Lecturer and Director in Sustainability and CSR Research Group School of Management College of Business Massey University Albany Campus who has assisted me greatly. I truly hope that my academic work and research can be of help not only for my personal gains, but also but also to the sustainable development community.

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