Economic Models for Environmental and Business Sustainability in Product Development and Manufacturing

By Robert C. Carlson and Dariush Rafinejad.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The current mode of economic activities has led the world to a potential environmental catastrophe. Government’s environmental, health and safety regulations and industry’s voluntary initiatives to balance business and environmental sustainabilities have largely failed. Here we discuss the economic/legal/social context within which business decisions regarding products and processes have been made to understand why the sustainability balance has not been achieved. We review four models from the literature which propose frameworks for sustainable development to see how the conditions in each would drive business decisions. We posit that a new economy model of distributed capitalism is required to achieve the desired sustainability balance.

Keywords: Sustainable Development, Economic Models, Environmental Laws and Regulations, Sustainable Products and Manufacturing

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp.199-210. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 784.321KB).

Dr. Robert C. Carlson

Professor, Management Science & Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA

Dr. Dariush Rafinejad

Consulting Associate Professor, Management Science & Engineering Department, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA

Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering; UC Berkeley. 25 years industry experience (as a senior executive) in product innovation and commercialization: solar energy and semiconductor process equipment. Currently at Stanford University: Teaching and research in sustainable product development and manufacturing.


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