Understanding the Deficiencies and Obstacles for Crime Prevention in Cities: A New Model for Sustainable Cities by “Crime Prevention through Design”

By Deniz Deniz and A. Can Ozcan.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Crime and fear of crime are getting one of the most serious problems of today’s cities. It is obvious that, better planning and design solutions can play a crucial role for reducing crime and improving safety in urban environments. Although the importance of design on crime prevention has been emphasized for many years in order to create sustainable communities, “Crime Prevention through Design” is a relatively new concept particularly for developing countries.

In order to fill this vital gap, this study tries to explain the importance of awareness and knowledge, as well as cooperation, for crime prevention through design studies. Besides, the study also points out what kind of obstacles and deficiencies exist in terms of crime and how this concept needs to be undertaken to create safer and sustainable public spaces, as well as cities. Finally, this paper develops a sample model for “Crime Prevention through Design” in the light of the findings of the research process which is carried out both in Turkey and in UK.

Keywords: Sustainability, Sustainable Communities, Crime, Design, Crime Prevention through Design

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp.241-250. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 670.479KB).

Dr. Deniz Deniz

Assistant Professor Doctor, Department of Industrial Design, Faculty of Fine Arts and Design, Izmir University of Economics, Izmir, Turkey

Deniz Deniz was born in İzmir. Having completed her undergraduate education on city and regional planning, she received master’s degree with a thesis on “Sustainability and Environmental Issues in Industrial Design”. Upon completing the master’s degree, she completed her doctoral dissertation on “Crime Prevention through Design”. She was awarded by “The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK)” as a post doctoral researcher and she completed her research at University of the Arts London, Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design in 2008. She worked as a research assistant at İzmir Institute of Technology from 1999 to 2007. She has been working in Izmir University of Economics as an Assistant Professor since October 2008. She has also produced national and international published articles, research projects, and won design competitions through these years.

Dr. A. Can Ozcan

Department of Industrial Design, İzmir University of Economics, Turkey

Dr. Ozcan received his bachelor of Industrial Design degree from Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey. He then received his MSc and Ph.D. degrees from Dokuz Eylul University, Institute of Social Sciences, with his studies on semiotics. After working as a research assistant in Dokuz Eylul University between 1990 and 1996, he was transferred to Izmir Institute of Technology, Dept. of Industrial Design where he was also one of the co-founders of the department and worked as vice chairman between 1999 and 2003. In February 2004, he was assigned to coordinate the establishment studies of the Dept. of Industrial Design at İzmir University of Economics where he was assigned as head of the department in 2006. He is also working as project manager for many university-industry cooperation projects. Dr Özcan has numerous national and international published articles, presentations and design awards.

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