Simulating the Hydrological Service of Forest for Sustainable Watershed Management

By Peter A. Khaiter and Marina G. Erechtchoukova.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Forests generate a number of services and benefits that positively influence various aspects of human life and the environment. They provide overall ecosystem health and sustainability, protect water and air quality, support biodiversity and wildlife habitats, supply recreation and aesthetic enjoyment, and so forth. The influence on the hydrological regime of the adjacent areas is one of the most prominent ecological services delivered by forest ecosystems. Sustainable management of the watersheds is only possible if the hydrological function of forest is quantified and incorporated in the decision-making process. It also requires the prediction of the possible changes in the hydrological regime of a given watershed that may occur in response to a projected anthropogenic activity. Such kind of quantitative measures and predictions can be done using a simulation modelling approach and computer simulation experiments where the real-world environmental objects are not disturbed during the study. The paper presents the simulation model “Forest Hydrology” (SMFH). The model was developed to simulate the processes of moisture transformation in a forested watershed and their variations under different types of anthropogenic impact. The model produces as outputs the values of the water balance components and provides a quantitative assessment of the hydrological service of forest. The latter estimate can be used for the practical needs of sustainable watershed management.

Keywords: Hydrological Service, Sustainable Management, Simulation Modelling, Water Balance, Forested Watershed, Anthropogenic Impact, Forest Hydrology

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp.227-240. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.704MB).

Prof. Peter A. Khaiter

Assistant Professor, Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional Studies, York University, Toronto, Canada

Dr. Khaiter is an Assistant Professor of Information Technology in the J.F. Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional Studies, York University, Canada. He received his BS and MS degrees in Economic Cybernetics, MS in Environmental Studies and PhD in Mathematical Modelling/Information Technology. Author of about 60 research papers. Fields of work: sustainable development, socio-economic and ecological systems, economic valuation and management of natural resources, environmental economics, mathematical modelling of complex systems, information systems for environmental monitoring and sustainable management.

Prof. Marina G. Erechtchoukova

Assistant Professor, Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional Studies, York University, Toronto, Canada

Dr. Erechtchoukova is an Assistant Professor of Information Technology in the J.F. Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional Studies, York University, Canada. She received her BS and MS degrees in Applied Mathematics and PhD in Computer Science. Author of more than 50 research papers. Fields of work: application of information technology to sustainable environmental resource management, data-driven and model-driven decision support, simulation modeling for environmental assessment.

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