The number of Hispanic registered nurses (RNs) remains disproportionate in comparison to the Hispanic population. Engaging in mentoring of Hispanic RNs to improve their education, recruitment and retention is critical. This study describes the perceptions of nationwide Hispanic RNs regarding the quality of mentoring experienced, their level of nursing practice, and the relationship between quality of mentoring and level of nursing practice. Quality of mentoring was measured using the Alleman Mentoring Activities Questionnaire, and level of practice was measured using one question. The participant self selected level of practice (Novice, Advanced Beginner, Competent, Proficient, Expert). Participants were recruited through the National Association of Hispanic Nurses, using an online survey completed with a 7% data set response rate (N = 71). RNs described their overall quality of mentoring as average (M = 51.59, SD = 12.17); the greatest mentoring activities experienced provided them with challenges (M = 63.10, SD = 9.74), while the least mentoring activities experienced provided them with friendship (M = 44.04, SD = 10.25). More Hispanic RNs self selected Expert (42.3%, n = 30) than any other level of practice designation. Significant positive correlations were found between level of practice and mentoring activities experienced by Hispanic RNs that focused on learning about politics (r = .307, p = .011), between level of practice and mentoring activities that focused on learning about support and backing (r = .272, p = .025), and between level of practice and mentoring activities that focused on learning about trust (r = .255, p = .036). More information is available for preparing mentors for the role at the administrative, faculty, practitioner, and student levels, and to ensure a climate of understanding and sustainability as to the importance and meaning of mentoring to Hispanic RNs.
|Keywords:||Hispanic Nurses, Mentoring, Level of Practice, Cultural Sustainability, Personal and Professional Advancement|
Assistant Professor of Nursing, Department of Nursing, New York City College of Technology, Brooklyn, New York, USA
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