From Cities to Districts: Combined Analysis on Density Variation of Chinese Cities in different Climate Zones

By Wenli Dong, Steffen Lehmann and Jamie MacKee.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

In the analysis of the built environment, holistic analysis and hierarchical assessment of sustainability is strongly needed to avoid the isolation of the component parts and fragmented decision making. This paper presents an ongoing research based on the case study with a combination of quantitative and qualitative analysis methods. The aim for this paper is to validate Holistic Sustainability Evaluation Framework for Asia-Pacific Regions (HSEFA), find out the influencing indicators of urban climate which is one of the sixteen modalities in the framework, and propose recommendations on best practice in urban form. The authors have analysed the density of 85 Chinese cities statistically according to the pre-defined climatic indicators. A close qualitative case study is followed on the districts of five representative Chinese cities located in four different climatic zones. The holistic sustainability evaluation framework established and validated aims to assist the design and decision making in urban design which is suitable for Chinese cities and other cities in the Asia-Pacific Regions.

Keywords: Urban Density, Urban Climate, Sustainable Development, Holistic Sustainability Evaluation Framework for Asia-Pacific Regions (HSEFA)

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp.277-302. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 2.424MB).

Dr Wenli Dong

PhD Candidate, School of Architecture and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

Wenli Dong is currently a PhD candidate of architecture in the University of Newcastle, Australia. Wenli is an urban planner from China with three years experience in environmental sustainability. She graduated from Harbin Institute of Technology in China. Now her research interest and doctoral thesis is about sustainable urban development of Chinese cities from 1985 to 2005. Research will focus on the sustainable urban form in China regarding to the urban density and mixed-use issues. It aims to study the spatial land use patterns based on different physical and cultural conditions of Chinese cities and the discussion on their sustainability. It will also search for the approaches to the urban form related sustainable design strategies in the context of Chinese cities.

Dr. Steffen Lehmann

Professor, Chair of Architectural Design, School of Architecture and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

Professor Steffen Lehmann holds the UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Urban Development for Asia and the Pacific, the Professorial Chair in the School of Architecture and Built Environment at The University of Newcastle (NSW), and is Founding Director of the s Lab Space Laboratory for Architectural Research and Design (Sydney-Berlin). Since 1991, he has presented his work at more than 180 conferences in 12 countries. He has researched, built and taught on informal urban design, urban renewal and energy-efficient cities since the early 1990s. He is the editor of the US based Journal of Green Building (2006 – to date) and an advisor to government, city councils and industry in Europe, Asia and Australia. He holds three post-graduate degrees; after graduating from the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London (1989) he worked with James Stirling in London and with Arata Isozaki in Tokyo. Before being appointed to a Professorial Chair in December 2002 in Australia, he ran his own ideas-driven practice in Berlin, for more than 10 years, where he designed numerous award-winning buildings. Steffen has a particular interest in sustainable strategies for urban regeneration of the post-industrial city and the principles of ‘Green Urbanism’.

Dr. Jamie MacKee

Lecturer in Building, Student Academic Conduct Officer, School of Architecture and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

Dr. Jamie MacKee is a lecturer and student academic conduct officer in The University of Newcastle. He is also a member of Australian Institute of Building. Dr. Jamie MacKee holds three post-graduate degrees from different countries in Australia and Asia. His research interests include conservation of the cultural built heritage in Asia: in particular the use of systems theory as the foundation of an ‘Asian’ approach to conservation. He is also interested in the research of environmental management systems: focusing on the use of the implementation of environmental protection into the project management processes of development and construction projects. Dr. MacKee’s other research area includes the construction management education – particularly innovative approaches to assessment, problem-based learning and on-line teaching.

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