It is a known fact that the present anthropocentric economic development efforts around the world have utilized nature beyond its capacity to renew and regenerate indefinitely. Ecological footprint analysis (EFA) compares the humanity’s ecological footprint with the earth’s available biological capacity. Ecological footprint attempts to operationalize the concept of carrying capacity and sustainability. Ecological footprint analysis has had explicit anthropocentric stance that had failed to capture the world’s biological diversity crisis. The paper, using comparative model and descriptive statistics, analyzes the ecological footprint of different cultures and regions for ecological balance. It exposes the inequitable distribution of the world’s ecological footprints and heightens the concern about ecological imbalance and overshoot. The paper proffers some policies and programs to reduce the per capita footprint of nations and at the same time protect biodiversity.
|Keywords:||Ecological Footprint, Ecological Balance, Ecological Overshoot, Environmental Sustainability, Biodiversity|
Professor of Urban Studies & Planning, Urban Studies Program, Morehouse College, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
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