Sustainable Tourism Development through Community Based Strategies: The Case of Chamarel
The role of the local community in the sustainable development of a region is now gaining much consideration. The local community in tourism is currently seen as a vital stakeholder for sustainability. This paper is of exploratory nature and sets in context community based tourism (CBT) strategies in the village of Chamarel in Mauritius. It is part of a major study which is actually being carried out; nonetheless, it serves as a good starting point to call in for more research in CBT strategies and policies in Mauritius where CBT has officially been overlooked. The SDC (Supply-Demand-Consequences) analysis tool has been adapted in the local context to better understand the intricacies of community-based tourism. The paper is especially relevant in the local context as it is yet another humble contribution at exploring avenues and challenges of sustainable forms of tourism within destination which has an established reputation for traditional 3S tourism.
||Local Community, Sustainable Tourism, Chamarel
The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 5, Issue 6, pp.63-88.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 2.903MB).
Research Scholar, School of Public Sector Policy and Management, University of Technology Mauritius, Pointe aux Sables, Port-Louis, Mauritius
Gowtam Raj CHINTARAM holds an MSc in Public Sector Management (with distinction) and an M.Phil from the University of Technology, Mauritius (UTM). He is currently on a full time PhD research scholarship at UTM and doing his thesis on “Cultural Heritage Tourism Strategies for Sustainable Tourism Development in Mauritius”.
Raj is also a member of numerous local and international NGOs and very much engaged in the civil society. His involvement in the community has widely been recognised and in 2008, he was honoured as The Most Outstanding Young Person 2008 (Junior Chamber International). He is currently the Presiding Officer of ANPRAS (African Network for Policy Research and Advocacy for Sustainability), Secretary of the Mauritian Chapter of African Union’s ECOSOCC and President of the First Steps Network (FSN) amongst others. Raj has also been an active environmentalist and has long been associated with community-based projects; he pioneered the Earth Candle Night Movement in Mauritius. He has a preference for issues and themes related to sustainable development.
Head of School, School of Sustainable Development and Tourism, University of Technology, Pointe aux Sables, Mauritius
Dr. Ramesh Durbarry has particular interest in applied economics and econometric modelling. He completed his PhD at the School of Economics, University of Nottingham in 1998. He has worked on projects for UNCTAD and EU. He has lectured Econometrics (theory and applied), Research Methods, Tourism Business, Markets and Strategy, Marketing Strategies for Tourism and Travel at both the undergradate and postgraduate levels. Ramesh is undertaking research on tourism and travel, tourism taxation, price sensitivity of tourism and the impact of the tourism sector on the economies of the United Kingdom, Balearic and Canary Islands and Malta. He is also specialising on the econometric modelling of tourism demand, both inbound and outbound, using single equation and system of equations models within static and dynamic contexts.
Blake, A., R. Durbarry, J.L. Eugenio-Martin, N. Gooroochurn, B. Hay, J. Lennon, M.T. Sinclair, G. Sugiyarto and I. Yeoman (2006) “Integrating forecasting and CGE models: The case of tourism in Scotland”, Tourism Management, Vol. 27(2): 292-305.
Marie-Louise Mangion, Ramesh Durbarry, M. Thea Sinclair (2004/5) “Tourism Competitiveness: Price and Quality” paper accepted for publication in Tourism Economics (forthcoming).
Z. Han, Durbarry, R and M.T. Sinclair (2005) ‘Modelling US Tourism Demand for European Destinations’, Tourism Management (forthcoming).
Durbarry, R. (2005) ‘Tourism and Economic Development: Case Studies from the Indian Ocean Region’, Book Review, Tourism Management (forthcoming).
Durbarry, R (2004), ‘Tourism and Economic Growth’, Tourism Economics, Vol.10 (4), pp 389-401.
Durbarry, R (2004) ‘Foreign Aid: Is It All Consumed?’, Journal of International Development. Vol. 16, pp. 189-199.
Blake A., Durbarry Ramesh, Juan L. Eugenio Martin, Nishaal Gooroochurn, Brian Hay, John Lennon, Guntur Sugiyarto, M. Thea Sinclair, Ian Yeoman (2004) ‘Integrating Forecasting and CGE Models: A Case Study of Tourism in Scotland’, Accepted for publication in Tourism Management (forthcoming).
Chapters in Books
Durbarry, R. (2003) ‘UK’s Tourism Demand in the Mediterranean Countries’ in Veloutsou C., Communicating with Customers: Trends and Developments, Athens Institute of Education and Research (ATINER), ISBN 960-87822-0-1.
Durbarry, R.; Sinclair, M. T. ‘Explaining Tourism Demand’ in P. Downward and L. Lumsdon (eds.), 2003, Essential Data Skills for Leisure and Tourism Management. London: Office for National Statistics and Statistics for Education (forthcoming).
‘The Mauritius Export Processing Zone’, Chapter 6 in The Mauritian Economy: A Reader, edited by R. Dabee and D. Greenaway, 2001. Houndmills: Palgrave.
Conferences and Presentations
October 2003 “AIDS and Hedonic Pricing Models: Their Relevance to Tourism Practitioners” with Thea Sinclair and M.L. Mangion, accepted and presented in the Tourism Modelling and Competitiveness Conference, Paphos, Cyprus, October 31- November1, 2003.
Professor of International Tourism and Hospitality Management, Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Tom Baum has a research and publications profile with a very strong international focus. His prime research area is human resource management, applied to the hospitality and tourism sector. Particular work focuses on hospitality/tourism education and training, especially at a national level. A major interest is that of skills and skills formation in hospitality and tourism. Tom is actively involved with a number of collaborative research networks, particularly in the areas of migrant labour and volunteer work in the events sector. Other areas of interest include tourism in peripheral areas and tourism transport. Professor Baum has authored and edited a range of books and a large number of scientific publications in these areas. (See below)
Tom studied education at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth before commencing a research and teaching career in this area, with attachments in Trent Polytechnic (now Nottingham Trent University) and the University of Ulster. A change of professional direction saw Tom spend eight years in hospitality/tourism training and consulting, based with CERT in Dublin Before moving to the University of Strathclyde in 1996, Tom Baum was Professor of International Hotel and Tourism Management at the University of Buckingham for six years and was responsible for the undergraduate and postgraduate courses. In Strathclyde, Tom Undertook the role of Head of Department from 1998 to 2004.
Tom has worked, in a teaching and consulting capacity, in a number of countries in Asia, Australasia, the Middle East, Eastern Europe and the Caribbean. He has acted as examiner and assessor in universities in Europe, China, Malaysia, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Kenya, Canada and the Caribbean as well as in the UK.
Tom Baum has served as President of EuroCHRIE and a Board Member of International CHRIE. He was 2001 recipient of the John Wiley and Sons Research Award.
Tom Baum teaches or has taught in a number of core areas of tourism and hospitality at undergraduate and postgraduate levels including Human resource Management; International Human Resource Management; Transport for Tourism; Service Operations Management; Education and Training for Hospitality and Tourism; and Project Planning and Facilities Design.
Tom has supervised about 20 doctoral students to completion, working in the areas of:
* Human Resource Management
* Labour Flexibility
* Education and Training
* Change Management
* Crisis Management
* Property Rennovation
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