Malaysian Public Attitude towards Modern Biotechnology: Effect of Some Background Variables

By Latifah Amin, Maznah Hj. Ibrahim and Zurina Mahadi.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Earlier studies on public attitude and risk perception have concluded that the public’s attitude towards biotechnology was primarily driven by several factors such as familiarity, perceived benefits, perceived risks, risk acceptance, moral concerns and encouragement. Demographic characteristics have been known to affect many attitudes and values. The purpose of this paper is to compare the attitude of the Malaysian public in the Klang Valley region towards genetically modified soybean across several background variables such as religions, races, education level and ages. A survey was carried out on 1017 respondents from various interest groups in the Klang Valley region. Analyses of Variance showed significant differences in the mean scores for familiarity of genetically modified soybean across religions, races and ages but not across education levels and gender. Both perceived benefits and risk acceptance were found to differ across races and gender but not across religions, education levels and ages. On the other hand, perceived risks differed across religions and races but not across ages and education levels. Moral concerns was found to differ in all the four background variables except gender while encouragement only differed across races but not across the other four variables studied.

Keywords: Attitude, Modern Biotechnology, Background Variables

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp.245-256. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.196MB).

Associate Prof. Dr. Latifah Amin

Senior Lecturer, Centre for General Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Latifah Amin is a Senior Lecturer at the Centre for General Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. She holds a M.Sc in Molecular Genetics and PhD in Biotechnology and Society. She is a distinguish researcher in the area of public attitude/perception, risk perception and ethical aspects of modern biotechnology.

Maznah Hj. Ibrahim

Lecturer, Pusat Pengajian Umum, (Center for General Studies), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Currently affiliated as a lecturer at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. She has presented papers at international and national conferences on issues related to women and family development. Maznah is also actively involved in writing journals and participated in research groups that research on isssues related to women and family area.

Zurina Mahadi

Lecturer, Centre for General Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Area of research: Environmental ethics and Sustainable development values.

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