The Nexus between Urban Poverty and Local Environmental Degradation in Rajshahi City

By Md. Jahan Boksh Moral and Ruslan Rainis.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Poverty and local environmental degradation are closely
correlated. Poverty creates environmental degradation and
vice versa. A degraded environment greatly affects the
poor. The poor tend to become poorer as the environmental
conditions degrade. Owing to migration and scarcity of job,
hardcore poor live in unhygienic vulnerable places where
inadequate services are visible. They suffer from natural
disasters such as flood, which expose them to health
hazards that reduce their savings and productivity.
Conversely because of insufficient services they pollute
the local environment by illegal dumping of wastes and
discharging of wastewater. The principal objective of this
study is to know the relationship between poverty and local
environmental degradation. The study was undertaken by
acquiring primary data from the field survey by employing a
structure questionnaire and gathered information on poverty
and local environment (P-E) nexus. Head of poor household
(HH), on behalf of HH, a reliable member was used as
respondents. Rajshahi City of Bangladesh is selected as the
study area. Two scenarios in the nexus have been found from
theoretical viewpoint as well as hypothetical scrutiny. One
of them is environmental Scenario. A Lot of local
environmental problems such as improper solid waste
management, drainage congestion, vulnerable housing and
lack of land title were found there. It is possible to
solve each of these problems by stimulating poor people by
providing environmentally linked jobs where the problems
persist. This involvement will produce income generation.
Simultaneously, their environmental conditions will be
better. Like solid waste management it is possible to
involve the poor in the promotion of waste collection and
separation at source. These will produce income generation
to reduce poverty in addition to improving their local
environment. Second is the Poverty Scenario. Poverty itself
is a serious problem that is clearly visible, but it is
possible to reduce poverty through creating earning
opportunities. For instances, home-based work, labor-
intensive industries or soft loan for business could make
income generation. All of these activities do not require
huge funds. Finally, the study has recommended a set of
policies in support of reducing poverty and improving their
local environmental degradation.

Keywords: Poverty, Local Environmental Degradation, Nexus, Rajshahi City

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp.229-240. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.370MB).

Md. Jahan Boksh Moral

Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, University of Rajshahi & Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Penang, Malaysia

Md. Jahan Boksh Moral is an Assistant Professor into the Department of Geography & Environmental Studies, University of Rajshahi. Currently he is doing his PhD research into the field of poverty mapping under the close guidance of Prof. Ruslan Rainis in the School of Humanities, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). He obtained his M.Sc (Urban Environmental Management) and M.Phil. Degrees respectively from Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand and Institute of Bangladesh Studies (IBS), Bangladesh. Throughout his study time, he was granted many scholarships such as Rajshahi University Scholarships, Dutch Scholarship as well as currently getting Universiti Sains Malaysia Fellowship (USM Fellowship). He was awarded two times Rajshahi University Prizes/Awards due to first class first position equally in B.Sc (Hons.) and M.Sc. He reviewed the book entitled on ‘Aerial Photo Interpretation and Photo- grammetry’ by Dr. Raquib Ahmed (Bengali Version). He has participated in many International Conferences and presented papers there. He has written many research papers which have been published in international conference proceedings and in national and international journals.

Prof. Ruslan Rainis

Professor, Geography, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

Ruslan RAINIS is Professor of Geographical Information Science at the Geography Section, School of Humanities, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia. He obtained his PhD in City and Regional Planning from Ohio State University, USA. He has been involved in teaching, research, and consultancy on various aspects of geographical information system (GIS), remote sensing, urban/environmental planning, business geography, geodemography and spatial social sciences. Dr. Ruslan is also the Coordinator of the Geoinformatic Unit and MSc GIS programme. He has written several books and published articles in local and international journals. He has also been articles reviewer of many international and local journals. He is a member of the Editorial Board of Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy (Springer), Planning Malaysia, Kemanusiaan – Asian Journal of Humanities, Malaysian Journal of Remote Sensing and GIS, and Geoinformation Science Journal (UTM, Malaysia) as well as a number of national committees related to spatial data and GIS such as the National Mapping and Spatial Data Committee and National GIS Standard Committee.


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