The Environmental Impacts of Tourism at the Casela Nature and Leisure Park, Mauritius

By Haywantee Ramkissoon and Ramesh Durbarry.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The purpose of this study is to analyze the environmental
impacts resulting from tourist activities at the Casela
Nature and Leisure Park, an important tourist attraction in
the island of Mauritius. The study adopts a qualitative
approach to understand the environmental impacts resulting
from the behaviour of visitors. In general, the results
reveal that tourism is having some positive impacts on the
park such as the preservation of many rare plants and
animals. Visitor activities however, are also having
negative consequences on the environment of the park.
During weekends and during morning times, the carrying
capacity of the park seems to be exceeded. Noise pollution
and litter were some of the most severe impacts resulting
from tourist activities. Overcrowding was also another
impact noted by the manager of the park which was confirmed
by the observation of the authors. The noise pollution
caused by activities of the tourists was found to be
disturbing to the environment of the park and to animals
nearby. Based on the findings, the authors have recommended
the implementation of certain visitor management strategies
such as displaying a code of conduct for visitors, managing
visitor flows and having trained guides for visiting
purposes.

Keywords: Environmental Impact, Casela Nature and Leisure Park, Mauritius

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp.201-212. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.198MB).

Haywantee Ramkissoon

Lecturer in Tourism, School of Public Sector Policy and Management, University of Technology, Pointe-aux-Sables, Mauritius

Haywantee Ramkissoon is Lecturer in the School of Public Sector Policy and Management, University of Technology, Mauritius. She holds a BA in Philosophy (2000) from the University of Pune, India and an MSc Tourism, Conservation and Sustainable Development (2002) from the University of Greenwich, UK. She is presently conducting her doctoral research in cultural and heritage tourism. Her research and writing interests include cultural and heritage tourism, information search behavior of tourists and tourism impacts. Her publications in refereed journals include Nunkoo R and Ramkissoon H (2009) Applying the Means-End Chain Theory and the Laddering Technique to the Study of Host Attitudes to Tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 17(1) (Accepted and forthcoming); Ramkissoon H and Nunkoo R (2008) Information Search Behaviour of European Tourists Visiting Mauritius. Tourism: An International Interdisciplinary Journal 56(1): 7-22; Nunkoo R and Ramkissoon H (2007) Residents’ Perceptions of the Socio-Cultural Impact of Tourism in Mauritius. Anatolia, An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, 18(1): 138-145; Ramkissoon H (2007) ‘International Tourism Conference 2006: New Perspectives and Values in World Tourism and Tourism Management in the Future.’ Anatolia, An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, 18(1): 175-176. Her publications in books include Chittoo B H and Ramkissoon H. R (2007) Why and When Public Sector Reforms? The Case of Mauritius. In. Governance and Development in Developing Countries (Eds) K. C. Roy and Prasad B. Nova Publishers. Her presentations and papers in proceedings include Ramkissoon H and Nunkoo R (2008) Use of information sources by travelers visiting Mauritius: A case of European tourists. Paper presented at the the TTRA European Chapter conference “Competition in tourism: Business and Destination Perspectives” Haaga-Helia University of Applied Sciences, Helsinki, Finland, 23-25 April 2008. Nunkoo R, Ramkissoon H, Nunkoo R (2007) ‘Community attitudes toward tourism in Mauritius’ Paper presented at the “Research Week: Research Innovation and Challenges” University of Mauritius, Réduit, Mauritius; Nunkoo R and Ramkissoon H (2006) ‘Analysing host attitudes toward tourism in a developing cultural and historic city: A Case Study of Port-Louis, Mauritius’ Proceedings of the “International Tourism Conference: New Perspective and Values in World Tourism and Tourism Management in the Future” Alanya Faculty of Business, Akdeniz University, Turkey 20-26 November 2006, pp. 442-459, ISBN 975-7666-82-3. www.akdeniz.edu.tr/alanya/conference06/doc/Book_of_Abstract.pdf; Nunkoo R, Ramkissoon H, Chittoo H B, Nowbutsing B (2006) “Socio-cultural impact of tourism in Mauritius” Proceedings of the International Conference “Sustainable Tourism with Special Reference to Islands and Small States” Foundation for International Studies, University of Malta, Valletta, Malta 25-27 May.

Prof. Ramesh Durbarry

Head of School, School of Public Sector Policy and Management, University of Technology, Pointe aux Sables, Mauritius

Dr. Ramesh Durbarry has particular interest in applied economics and econometric modelling. He completed his PhD at the School of Economics, University of Nottingham in 1998. He has worked on projects for UNCTAD and EU. He has lectured Econometrics (theory and applied), Research Methods, Tourism Business, Markets and Strategy, Marketing Strategies for Tourism and Travel at both the undergradate and postgraduate levels. Ramesh is undertaking research on tourism and travel, tourism taxation, price sensitivity of tourism and the impact of the tourism sector on the economies of the United Kingdom, Balearic and Canary Islands and Malta. He is also specialising on the econometric modelling of tourism demand, both inbound and outbound, using single equation and system of equations models within static and dynamic contexts. His recent publications include Blake, A., R. Durbarry, J.L. Eugenio-Martin, N. Gooroochurn, B. Hay, J. Lennon, M.T. Sinclair, G. Sugiyarto and I. Yeoman (2006) “Integrating forecasting and CGE models: The case of tourism in Scotland”, Tourism Management, Vol. 27(2): 292-305; Marie-Louise Mangion, Ramesh Durbarry, M. Thea Sinclair (2004/5) “Tourism Competitiveness: Price and Quality” paper accepted for publication in Tourism Economics (forthcoming); Z. Han, Durbarry, R and M.T. Sinclair (2005) ‘Modelling US Tourism Demand for European Destinations’, Tourism Management (forthcoming); Durbarry, R. (2005) ‘Tourism and Economic Development: Case Studies from the Indian Ocean Region’, Book Review, Tourism Management (forthcoming); Durbarry, R (2004), ‘Tourism and Economic Growth’, Tourism Economics, Vol.10 (4), pp 389-401; Durbarry, R (2004) ‘Foreign Aid: Is It All Consumed?’, Journal of International Development. Vol. 16, pp. 189-199; Blake A., Durbarry Ramesh, Juan L. Eugenio Martin, Nishaal Gooroochurn, Brian Hay, John Lennon, Guntur Sugiyarto, M. Thea Sinclair, Ian Yeoman (2004) ‘Integrating Forecasting and CGE Models: A Case Study of Tourism in Scotland’, Accepted for publication in Tourism Management (forthcoming). Chapters in books include Durbarry, R. (2003) ‘UK’s Tourism Demand in the Mediterranean Countries’ in Veloutsou C., Communicating with Customers: Trends and Developments, Athens Institute of Education and Research (ATINER), ISBN 960-87822-0-1; Durbarry, R.; Sinclair, M. T. ‘Explaining Tourism Demand’ in P. Downward and L. Lumsdon (eds.), 2003, Essential Data Skills for Leisure and Tourism Management. London: Office for National Statistics and Statistics for Education (forthcoming); ‘The Mauritius Export Processing Zone’, Chapter 6 in The Mauritian Economy: A Reader, edited by R. Dabee and D. Greenaway, 2001. Houndmills: Palgrave. Conferences and presentations include October 2003 “AIDS and Hedonic Pricing Models: Their Relevance to Tourism Practitioners” with Thea Sinclair and M.L. Mangion, accepted and presented in the Tourism Modelling and Competitiveness Conference, Paphos, Cyprus, October 31- November1, 2003.

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