Exploring the Use of Shellfish Aquaculture as a Sustainable Resource and a Pollution Remediation Method

By Richard Golen.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Since the 1990s, research has shown the ability of oysters and other shellfish to filter the water column and therefore remove the effects of over nitrification in coastal waters. By using sustainable shellfish aquaculture, coastal states can create a process which can be used in conjunction with Section 303 of the United States’ Clean Water Act.

Under Section 303, each state is required to produce a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) report for each of its bodies of water that are impacted by pollutants. This report identifies the pollutants; the current level of the pollutants; and the level to which the pollutants must be reduced. In addition, strategies must be identified to accomplish the goal of pollutant reduction.

This paper discusses the feasibility of using sustainable shellfish aquaculture as a strategy for the removal of the effects of over-nitrification in the Total Management Daily Load process. Shellfish aquaculture can also provide benefits in increased public awareness of efforts to clean the local waters as well as creating an economic benefit for coastal communities in the form of new and environmentally sustainable shellfisheries.

Keywords: Environmental Law Compliance, TMDL Process, Nitrogen Pollution, Filtration, Oysters, Nutrient Trading, Sustainability

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp.141-150. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.307MB).

Prof. Richard Golen

Professor, Department of Management and Marketing, Charlton College of Business, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, Massachusetts, USA

Richard F. Golen is a Professor of Management in the Earle P. Charlton College of Business at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. He is volunteer attorney in the Coalition for Buzzards Bay Advocacy Department where he has helped worked on areas ranging from the recent appeal to the Federal Courts for the Massachusetts Oil Spill Law to researching TMDL implementation strategies. One of the strategies he is examining is the use of shellfish as a nitrogen removal tool. He is also a member of the Coalition’s Baywatcher water monitoring program.

Professor Golen received his Bachelor of Science degree in Management from Southeastern Massachusetts University in 1974, his Masters of Business Administration degree from Suffolk University in 1976 and his Juris Doctor degree from Suffolk Law School in 1983. He has been on the University of Massachusetts faculty since 1983.


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