Urbanization, Slums and Indoor Air Pollution in Developing Countries: A Major Environmental and Public Health

By Sidde Gowda and G.P. Shivashankara.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Poverty is the agents and victims of environmental degradation. Indoor air pollution problems may result in adverse health hazard increased medical costs and loss of production. In poor communities with the continuing trend in bio fuel combustion coupled with deteriorating housing condition. These bio fuels are typically burnt in simple stoves with very incomplete combustion. Consequently, women and young children are exposed to high levels of Indoor air pollutions everyday. There is consistent evidence that Indoor air pollution increase the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, and of acute respiratory infections in child hood, the most important cause of death among children fewer than 5 years of age in developing countries like India. The study describes Indoor air pollution in slums (Bangalore Agglomeration, Karnataka, India). The primary survey was conducted through the questionnaire and random sampling techniques. The study reveals that indoor air pollution is particularly hazardous for women and children and low-income who is regularly exposed to higher concentration. The rehabilitation program of the Karnataka Slum Clearance Board in totally inadequate in relation to the mushroom growth of slums. Hence a comprehensive package incorporating measures to improve urban environment and health status should be launched on a massive scale.

Keywords: Poverty, Pollutants, Migration, Bio Fuels, Respiratory Infection

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 4, Issue 6, pp.33-40. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 544.587KB).

Sidde Gowda

Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering, SJCIT, Chickaballapur, Karnataka, India

Sidde Gowda B.E CIVIL, MURP-AITP, He is working as assistant professor past 15 years and presented number of National and international conference and journals and he is working on the topic “Rural to urban migration and pollution increase in cities”.

G.P. Shivashankara

Professor in Civil Engg, PESCE, Karnataka, India

He is working as a professor past 22 years and presented number of papers in National, International conference and journals. He guided 15 M.Tech and 4 PhD, students and working as a General Secretary Mandya Zilla Science forum. He had two AICTE Projects.


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