Primary Culture of Freshwater Prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) in an Integrated Hydroponics Nutrient Film Technique System (NFT): Nutrient Deficiency & Toxicity

By Hamid Khoda Bakhsh, Abdul Razak Alimon, Mohd. Khanif Yusop, Annie Christianus and Aizam Zainal Abidin.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The aim of this study was to evaluate the tolerance of Macrobrachium rosenbergii, and plant to different levels of inorganic fertilizer in an artificial integrated production system. The growth comparison of lettuce and Chinese cabbage in different culture media illustrated that Chinese cabbage is more sensitive to nutrient deficiency and lettuce performed better growth (quality and quantity) compared to the Chinese cabbage in lower concentration of nutrients. In this study, 0.1 EC culture media showed better performance in M. rosenbergii production followed by 0.5 EC treatment. The overall results illustrated that potassium (P), ammonia (NH3) and copper (Cu) toxicities inhibited growth of freshwater prawn (M. rosenbergii) in high level supplemental chemical fertilizer (>0.5 EC mS/cm). Meanwhile, the sufficient quantities of some essential nutrients for lettuce and Chinese cabbage can not be obtained from wastewater of prawn culture system.

Keywords: Macrobrachium rosenbergii, Integrated Culture System, Hydroponics System, Nutrient Deficiency, Mineral toxicity

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp.45-58. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 850.514KB).

Dr. Hamid Khoda Bakhsh

Lecturer, Department of Fisheries Science and Aquaculture,, Faculty of Agrotechnology and Food Science (FASM), University Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Academic Qualifications: Education (PhD) Aquaculture Science Specialization: Nutrition, Design and Aquaculture systems, Invertebrate culture Integrated and Recirculating culture systems, Aquaculture Engineering and Expert Program Occupation: Lecturer Faculty of Agrotechnology and Food Science (FASM), University Malaysia Terengganu (UMT) , Mengabang Telipot, 21030 Kuala Terengganu Malaysia Email: Email:

Abdul Razak Alimon

Professor, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Mohd. Khanif Yusop

Professor, Department of Land management, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Annie Christianus

Lecturer, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Aizam Zainal Abidin

Head of Department, Department Animal Science and Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences (FSPM), Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Campus, Malaysia


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