Ecosystem Functions and Services and Sustainable Livelihood of the Wetlands Communities

By Nik Fuad b. Nik Mohd Kamil.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Sustainable development is closely associated with sustainable livelihoods. For development to be sustainable, it must create and preserve sustainable livelihoods. Sustainable Livelihood is an approach to leading fulfilling, productive and environmentally responsible lives; by balancing our economic, cultural and environmental needs, to meet the needs of all generations. But a prerequisite to sustainable livelihoods is the absence of poverty. Poverty is prevalent among the Malaysia wetlands communities, the major factor being weaknesses in human, social, physical, natural, and financial capitals. Many parts of the ecologically sensitive areas are being converted to urban areas, industrial, tourism and aquaculture; causing damages and disruption to the ecosystem functions and services. Under such a scenario how would these communities sustain their livelihood? How best can the community adopts the “sustainable living” concept? An economic valuation of the natural resources available in Setiu Wetlands revealed that the services provided by the ecosystem do not contribute to the economic wellbeing of the local communities. Therefore other strategies must be used to ensure a sustainable livelihood of the ecology based communities. The Sustainable Livelihood Framework can be employed in order to reduce poverty in the wetlands.

Keywords: Wetlands, Economic Valuation, Sustainable Livelihood Framework

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp.85-92. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 814.147KB).

Dr. Nik Fuad b. Nik Mohd Kamil

Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nik Fuad Kamil is an academic staff of Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT). He obtained BSc and MSc in agricultural economics from University of California, Davis, and PhD in agricultural economics from Washington State University in 1984. Nik Fuad began his career as an economist at Malaysian Agricultural Research and Developmnet Institurte (MARDI)and joined UMT in 1996. He has conducted research in many areas including policy analysis and resource valuation. His current research interest is economic development, sustainable livelihood, and resoure valuation.


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