The Scoping Process for Environmental Impact Assessment of Project: A Case of Outer Ring-Road Development Project of Nepal- Based on Local People’s Perception

By Ram B. Khadka and Hasina Shrestha.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

The issues identified during scoping provide the essential guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). Public consultation is a fundamental necessity during the process that primarily serves to identify the significant issues involved. Even in the countries, where scoping is not a legislative requirement, public consultation is required at the initial stage of an EIA; however, the depth of public consultation is decided by the proponent and the authorizing agency. In some cases, the authoring agency conducts scoping for the proponent while in other; the proponent is responsible for it. In either case, disclosure of scoping results to the public is not legally required. In Sri Lanka a Scoping Forum is formed, where public have an access to the scoping results. The proponents and the authorizing agency in the developing countries are now realizing the importance of scoping, of ensuring that all the environmental issues are identified and addressed in time, so that the project does not suffer due to intense public grievances. In order to demonstrate a good practice a brief of the scoping report of the Outer Ring-Road development Project in Nepal has been presented in this paper.

Keywords: Environmental Impact Analysis, Scoping Process, Environmental Protection Regulation, National Environmental Policy Act, Initial Environmental Evaluation, Outer Ring-Road Development Project, Project Authorizing Agency

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp.25-36. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.072MB).

Dr. Ram B. Khadka

Professor, School of Environmental Management and Sustanaible Develoopment, Pokhara University, Kathmandu, Kathmandu, Nepal

Ram B. Khadka; School of Environmental Management and Sustainable Development. Dr Ram B Khadka is a leading expert in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and Environmental Planning Issues and Sustainability. First graduated in Biology, he obtained M.Sc and PhD degrees in Ecology from Aberdeen University, UK and University of Delhi, India. Dr Khadka has 30 years in teaching and working experiences as an academic, Environmental Management and specialist in Nepal and outside. Complementary to teaching, he has worked as consultants, researcher, project management, trainer and lead trainer in the field of environmental management, Environmental Impact Assessment, Initial Environmental Examination, Environmental Screening and Environmental Planning and Sustainable Development for the government of Nepal, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, CIDA, DANNIDA, UNDP, UNEP, IUCN, USAID, WWF and many others, in Nepal and outside. Dr. Khadka in collaboration with Academy for Educational Development (AED) and USAID developed South Asian EIA Training Manual under SARI/E program as an e-learning tool and conducted training in Nepal, India, Bangladesh, and Bhutan and in Shrilanka. Dr. Khadka was also appointed as a member of UNEP, EIA expert group to assist in developing EIA Training Resource Manual for developing countries. Dr. Khadka has also served a Coordinator for Environmental Assessment program of IUCN-The World Conservation Union for 7 years and Director of Asian Regional Environmental Assessment Program of IUCN-The World Conservation Union. Internationally his professional standing and contribution in the field of environmental management was ultimately recognized by the International Association of Impact Assessment (IAIA) and awarded an individual award in the recognition of the contribution made in the promotion of Environmental Assessment in South Asia in 2000. Dr Khadka started his career as Assistant Professor in Ecology (1970) and Associate Professor (1985) at Tribhuvan University, Nepal. Currently he is serving as a Dean of Environmental Faculty of Pokhara University Nepal since 2000.

Ms. Hasina Shrestha

Freelance Consultant, School of Environmental Management and Sustainable Development( SchEMS), Kathmandu, Kathmandu, Nepal

Ms. Hasina Shrestha is Social/Environment, Economics expert.Ms Shrestha first graduated in Economics and obtained M.A in Economics and M.A in Population from Tribhuvan University and University of Exeter, U.K respectively. Ms. Shrestha worked as Population experts in National Planning Commission during 1981 to 1994 and latter as WID coordinator for 4th World Conference on Women through Royal Danish Embassy on deputation from Ministry of Population and Environment. She worked for Private Sector Hydropower Project in Nepal with International Resource Group (IRG) for about 4 years. Ms Shrestha is a leading Social and environmental specialist in Nepal and currently she is working as a freelance consultant.


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