This article is an introduction to “Eco Design”, the art of designing physical objects to comply with the principles of environmental sustainability, in traditional architecture and urban design concepts of Iranian arid regions which consists of two major parts; first, introduction to design requirements for achieving environmental sustainability in general view and suggestion of conceptual framework, second and more important, a case study, introducing building and urban scale design concepts in Yazd, one of the most outstanding desert cities. In general view, the main goal of design in environmental sustainability approach is to provide a relation between product and environment which emphasizes on two principals, Conservation of both the natural and the built environments and Efficiency. Conservation, civilized civic manner based, concept is largely about managing demand, preserving assets and reducing waste, while efficiency, the essential planning and performance based idea, is a broader concept with existential ramifications. The Case study introduces a number of best-practice directions and models for adaptation or adoption in Iranian arid old regions design concepts. In both urban and building scales design is necessarily well suited to the local environment, creature of their energy regimes, and in a word, environmentally sustainable. The emphasis of traditional design in these regions is mainly on the generation sustainable techniques for obtaining more efficiency in urban scale by compact urban fabric of blocks, streets, squares, mixed-use cellular structure shop/houses with neighborhood divisions and specific orientations, and in building scale by creating microclimate, using natural materials, and managing openings; however, conservation is also important through reuse of built environment and protection of natural resources.
|Keywords:||Environmental Sustainability, Architecture, Urban Design, Arid Regions, Old City, Iran|
Ph.D Student, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
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