Not only is Jakarta the largest metropolitan area in Southeast Asia, it is the also the most dynamic, though beset with most of the urban problems experienced in 20th Century Southeast Asia. Batavia, colonial capital of the Netherland Indies in the first half of the 20th century was a small urban area of approximately 150,000 residents. In the second half, Batavia became Jakarta, the 14 million metropolitan capital of independent Indonesia.
The extent to which the growth of Jakarta Metropolitan Area (JMA) and the dominance of Jakarta in Indonesia’s economy and urban system have affected the sustainability of urban development in Indonesia is examined. Whether Jakarta is able to accommodate the rapid population growth and generate positive externalities from its growth to other parts of Indonesia is assessed. The analyses include suburbanization in JMA, urban primacy in Indonesia and Jakarta’s contribution to Indonesia’s economy. Jakarta’s sustainability is also discussed from the flood that hit Jakarta in February 2007 and the land subsidence in Jakarta.
|Keywords:||Urban Development, Sustainability, Jakarta, Indonesia|
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Public Administration, and Urban Studies, Savannah State University, Savannah, GA, USA
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