The Growth of Jakarta Metropolitan Area and the Sustainability of Urban Development in Indonesia

By Deden Rukmana.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Not only is Jakarta the largest metropolitan area in Southeast Asia, it is the also the most dynamic, though beset with most of the urban problems experienced in 20th Century Southeast Asia. Batavia, colonial capital of the Netherland Indies in the first half of the 20th century was a small urban area of approximately 150,000 residents. In the second half, Batavia became Jakarta, the 14 million metropolitan capital of independent Indonesia.
The extent to which the growth of Jakarta Metropolitan Area (JMA) and the dominance of Jakarta in Indonesia’s economy and urban system have affected the sustainability of urban development in Indonesia is examined. Whether Jakarta is able to accommodate the rapid population growth and generate positive externalities from its growth to other parts of Indonesia is assessed. The analyses include suburbanization in JMA, urban primacy in Indonesia and Jakarta’s contribution to Indonesia’s economy. Jakarta’s sustainability is also discussed from the flood that hit Jakarta in February 2007 and the land subsidence in Jakarta.

Keywords: Urban Development, Sustainability, Jakarta, Indonesia

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp.99-106. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 543.110KB).

Dr. Deden Rukmana

Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Public Administration, and Urban Studies, Savannah State University, Savannah, GA, USA

Deden Rukmana is an assistant professor of urban studies at Savannah State University, USA. He received his PhD in Urban and Regional Planning from Florida State University. His prior graduate studies include master's degrees in Development Studies from the Bandung Institute of Technology in 1997 and in Planning and Development Studies from the University of Southern California in 2001. Prior to joining the Savannah State University, he worked as a planning analyst with the Division of Community Planning of the Florida Department of Community Affairs in Tallahassee, Florida. He had been involved in several research-funded projects such as Community Outreach Partnership Program; Development of Outcome Measurement Systems for Florida's Homeless Program; and Health, Infrastructure and Physical Activity. His primary research interests include homelessness and poverty, Geographic Information Systems, spatial analysis, housing and community development, and international planning.


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