The Design of Urban Open Spaces for Sustainability: A Case Study of Balkrishna Doshi's Aranya Housing

By Krystina Kaza.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Balkrishna Doshi’s Aranya housing in Indore, India began in 1985 as a sites-and-services project for mixed-income housing. One of the key elements of Doshi’s design was a hierarchy of open spaces that included small courtyards to be shared by three to four families, larger green spaces for each of the settlement’s six sectors, and a central playing field to serve the entire development. Some of these spaces have succeeded, and some have failed according to Doshi’s criteria for the functioning of open space. My paper analyses these spaces in terms of their performance with respect to utilitarian, sociocultural and perceptual functions, and draws conclusions regarding the implementation, maintenance and design of incremental projects.

Keywords: Urban Open Space, Utilitarian, Sociocultural, Economic, Perceptual, Sites-and-Services, Incremental Building, Incremental Design, Mixed-Income, Spatial Hierarchy, Chowk, Otta, Courtyard

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp.103-122. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 6.717MB).

Krystina Kaza

Lecturer, School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Unitec, Auckland, New Zealand

Krystina Kaza received her Bachelor of Architecture degree in 2003 from the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Art & Science in New York City. Prior to this, she received a Bachelor of Social Sciences degree with majors in International Relations, French and Japanese, and a special interest in decision making processes and developing nations, from James Madison College at Michigan State University. In the summer of 2003, she was awarded a Fulbright Grant to research Balkrishna Doshi’s Aranya housing in Indore, India. Her research focused on issues of design, community and context.


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