Spatial Pattern of Violent Crime (Homicide & Dacoity) in Chennai City: A Geographical Information System Approach

By Vijo Varghese Vincent and S. Sivasankar.

Published by The Sustainability Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Geographical Information System (GIS) for crime analysis is a cutting edge application used by law enforcement agencies to support crime analysis activities that are being explored with the goal of expanding and enhancing the theoretical and practical knowledge base is the prevention of crime, so that, the analytic potential of GIS in crime analysis really begin to manifest itself. Crime hot spot identification has always been of great concern for researchers in the field of Environmental Criminology. The identification of crime hot spots were perhaps a watershed in refocusing attention on spatial / locational features of crime. A crime hot spot is generally defined as an area containing dense clusters of criminal incidents. Identification of these hot spots helps police department allocate resources for crime prevention activities. The authors intent to provide an illustrative context for the focus of the paper spatial pattern of violent crimes (homicide & dacoity) in Chennai city. Special attention is given to some practical and accessible methods of GIS analysis that arguably should be the starting place of any empirical analysis of the relationship of place to crime.This study is relevant in the present scenario because there is no significant study on violent crimes in a GIS angle and this study intends to fill up the void in the series of studies on crime with a GIS perspective.

Keywords: GIS, Hot Spots, Buffer Analysis, Point Pattern, Next Hit Probability Area, Mobility of Accused, Crime Analysis

The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 3, Issue 5, pp.85-94. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.196MB).

Vijo Varghese Vincent

University of Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

A Post-Graduate in Criminology & Criminal Justice Administration from the University of Madras, Chennai. Interested in crime analysis and other analysis done using GIS technology.

S. Sivasankar

Post Graduate Student, University of Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

A Post-Graduate in Geography from the University of Madras, Chennai. Currently pursuing Doctoral programme in Environmental Criminology in the Department of Criminology, University of Madras, Chennai.

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