Geographical Information System (GIS) for crime analysis is a cutting edge application used by law enforcement agencies to support crime analysis activities that are being explored with the goal of expanding and enhancing the theoretical and practical knowledge base is the prevention of crime, so that, the analytic potential of GIS in crime analysis really begin to manifest itself. Crime hot spot identification has always been of great concern for researchers in the field of Environmental Criminology. The identification of crime hot spots were perhaps a watershed in refocusing attention on spatial / locational features of crime. A crime hot spot is generally defined as an area containing dense clusters of criminal incidents. Identification of these hot spots helps police department allocate resources for crime prevention activities. The authors intent to provide an illustrative context for the focus of the paper spatial pattern of violent crimes (homicide & dacoity) in Chennai city. Special attention is given to some practical and accessible methods of GIS analysis that arguably should be the starting place of any empirical analysis of the relationship of place to crime.This study is relevant in the present scenario because there is no significant study on violent crimes in a GIS angle and this study intends to fill up the void in the series of studies on crime with a GIS perspective.
|Keywords:||GIS, Hot Spots, Buffer Analysis, Point Pattern, Next Hit Probability Area, Mobility of Accused, Crime Analysis|
University of Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Post Graduate Student, University of Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
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