With 5.1 billion barrels of oil reserves, Ecuador has among the largest reserves in Latin America and is highly dependent on oil. However, most of the reserves are located on indigenous land and fragile ecosystems, leading to conflicts between communities, companies, and the State. In 1996, despite the opposition of the local communities of Sarayaku to oil exploration and extraction, Ecuador granted to the Argentinean company CGC the Block 23 to carry out seismic exploration. This paper studies, through the case of the Sarayaku communities, how indigenous peoples have organized their resistance to oil extraction in the Southern area of Ecuador to prevent the extension of the oil frontier, succeeded in keeping oil companies out of their traditional land, and constructed a model of autonomy for indigenous peoples in Ecuador. It shows that control over indigenous traditional territory and natural resources (rivers, forests, and oil) are the the sine qua non conditions to maintain indigenous way of life, inter-community relations, cosmology, and most important the cultural, ethnic and, social sustainability and integrity of native communities.
|Keywords:||Autonomy, Self Government, Pluri-Nationality, Multiculturalism, Indigeneity, Cultural Identity, Cosmology, Sovereignty, Natural Resources, Oil, Mobilization, Land Claims|
PhD candidate, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
There are currently no reviews of this product.Write a Review