Solid waste management is a serious problem in Nigerian cities. The major components that contributed to the nagging problem are organic matter (60 to 80%), soft and hard plastics (15%) and metal scrap (10%) of which a major portion is scavenged before dumping. An average Nigerian generates about 0.43 Kg of solid wastes per day. The communities with poor knowledge and attitude resort to dumping the wastes into any available space such as drains, streams or on the road side. Many solutions tried in the past such as private sector collection, sending to land fill sites, incineration and waste to energy conversion by successive State and Federal governments have failed due to lack of sustainability. The purpose of this operational research is to develop indigenous technologies under “Integrated Waste Recycling” scheme in order to make Akure city cleaner. To achieve this, local fabricators were identified and trained to fabricate machinery required to convert organic matter into organic and organo-mineral fertilizers, soft and hard plastics into pellets that serve as raw material for ancillary plastic industries, and metal scrap into ingots and finished products. In implementing this strategy, a number of Stakeholders played a major role and they were integrated through consultations. The Ondo State Waste Management Authority (OSWA) provided opportunity to the authors to carry out an advocacy with the State Government during the State Executive Council meeting. The State Government funded the project, formed a management team and monitored the operations through the Commissioner for Special Duties. Community leaders, market associations, and selected industrial centres accepted the proposal and volunteered full support for implementation after planned mobilization and advocacy meetings with them. The efforts brought out some valuable short tem and long term gains. The short term gains included employment generation, reduction in waste disposal cost, improved cleanliness which brought Akure city as the second cleanest city in Nigeria, and development of technical and entrepreneurial skills among local workers. The long term benefits include health improvement, food security, local resourcing of raw materials for small scale industries, promotion of this technology to other arts of the country and west African region in general.
|Keywords:||Wastes, Recycling, Compost, Organo-Mineral Fertilizer, Pellets, Billets|
Professor and Head of Environmental Health, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
Ministry of Environment and Water Resources, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
Secretariat, Ministry of Special Duties, Ondo State, Nigeria
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