This paper analyzes two projects, one in a low-income urban community and one in a semi-rural community, to understand processes of social and financial sustainability. The projects offer integrated services addressing different populations within the community. For example, the projects include pre-school through primary schools and a small enterprise development program. The latter links semi-skilled, typically illiterate women with unemployed high school and university graduates.
The theoretical premise behind the projects is that by bringing together multiple groups in particular services, the population becomes invested in maintaining the viability of the project. In addition, the project promotes social cohesion and an underlying theme of social and economic mobility, in which services from education to support for income generation assist the entire community toward a trajectory of enhanced material and social welfare.
The paper compares the structure and progress of the projects within strategies in international development that may promote integrated basic services, but target specific populations and/or specific problems. The paper then suggests that we can assume a different approach to development through connecting lower-middle and lower-income groups within policy intervention.
|Keywords:||Social Change, India, Community Development|
Lecturer in Sociology, Department of Sociological Studies, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Senior Resident Doctor, Physiology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
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