Sustainability: Meaning and Measurement with Application to Agriculture
Productive efficiency theory is used to measure the private efficiency of farmers and then extended to include environmental impacts to measure the social efficiency of farm.
||Sustainability, Efficiency, Environmental Impacts, Economic and Biophysical Models
The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, Volume 2, Issue 6, pp.51-64.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 943.765KB).
I have been a member of a teaching team which developed a unit, Economics of the Environment, to present to environmenal science students. Part of one topic in this unit introduces the concept of sustainability. My research interest also centre on the issue of sustainability. Currently being enrolled in a PhD, my research is centred on the measurement of the environmental impacts of dairy farming, a prominent activity around where I live. In my study I use productive efficiency theory to examine the performance of the farms from a private farmer's perspective and use a biophysical simulation model of dairy pasture to incorporate a measure of environmental impact to present an overall social efficiency measure of farm level performance. Sustainability incorporates economic, environmental and social aspects and my study shows how economic and environmental aspects can be linked to give some measure of sustainability.
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