Ecotourism and Its Prospects in a Wildlife-Non-Hunting-Area of Central Thailand: Governance Implications of Tensions between National Policies and Local Experiences

By Subas P. Dhakal.

Published by The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Wildlife-Non-Hunting-Areas (WNHAs) in Thailand are categorized as managed resource sites equivalent to IUCN category VI protected areas. The majority of WNHAs in the country are proclaimed over wetlands that are locally, nationally, or globally significant. After acceding to the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance in 1998, called the Ramsar Convention, Thailand has progressively promoted ecotourism as a tool for the wise use of wetlands. While ecotourism has the potential to finance the management of natural resources and diversify livelihood options for the locals in or near WNHAs, the interplay between policies and people which largely shapes the success or failure of any ecotourism initiative remains under-explored. This paper responds to this gap and utilises the sustainable livelihoods framework to investigate the tensions between national policies and local experiences associated with promoting ecotourism within a WNHA in central Thailand.

Keywords: Policy Analysis, Resilience, Social Capital, Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, Vulnerability, Wise Use of Wetlands

The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp.13-28. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 690.180KB).

Dr. Subas P. Dhakal

Post-doctoral Research Associate, Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy, Murdoch University, Fremantle, WA, Australia

Subas is an environmental manager and sustainability analyst by training with multidisciplinary expertise in policy and planning for regional resilience. He is currently affiliated with Southern Cross University as a Lecturer/Postdoctoral Research Fellow under the Collaborative Research Network (CRN) program funded by the Australian Government. He holds a BSc in Wildlife Conservation from Missouri Western State, USA, an MSc in Environment and Natural Resources Management from Mahidol, Thailand, and a PhD in Sustainability and Technology Policy from Murdoch, Western Australia. His academic interests include: environmental governance, innovation for resilience, maladaptation and international aid, online and offline social capital, and sustainable tourism.