Re-Defining the Architectural Design Process through Building a Decision-Support Framework for Design with Reuse

By Ahmed K. Ali, Ralph Badinelli and James R. Jones.

Published by The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

As we promote the idea of building material reuse to a wider audience of designers and architects, we mustn’t forget that both Reuse and Recycle terms are still used interchangeably in the AEC industry without yet a clear distinction between them. The use of arbitrary descriptions to distinguish reuse from recycle has caused nothing but more confusion to the public. This study argues that the real distinction between reuse and recycle exists in Knowledge and Information. This suggests that design with reuse requires a paradigm shift in the required knowledge base and the way information flows within the design process. Unfortunately, the structure of this paradigm shift is not known and hasn’t been well defined yet. Since knowledge forms the core of building a Decision Support System (DSS) for architects in order to consider reuse, it is necessary to capture the required knowledge and information from the building material reuse experts through a Knowledge Acquisition (KA) process. This knowledge can then be used to 1) identify the building material reuse criteria and 2) to build a prescriptive decision model and 3) to map the process design of the current architectural design workflow and the proposed one. The overarching goal of the study is to use the building material reuse knowledge for 1) building a Unified Virtual Repository database which to be connected to all available physical repositories and share same standards of information. 2) When the unified virtual repository be integrated with Building Information Modeling (BIM) database, the DSS acts as a feedback and feed forward support for architects and designers as they consider reuse.

Keywords: Reuse, Building Materials, Waste, Decision Making, Design Process, Process Design, Architecture

The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp.1-18. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 5.165MB).

Dr. Ahmed K. Ali

PhD Candidate, School of Architecture and Design, College of Architecture and Urban Studies, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA

Ahmed Ali is a Ph.D., Candidate in the Architecture and Design Research doctorate program at Virginia Tech. After earning his Master of Architecture in 2004 from Virginia Tech, and prior to joining the program, he practiced architecture in the United States as well as taught design studios, seminars and other related architecture courses as an adjunct professor in the School of Architecture and Design. His current research focuses on the role of the architect in waste reduction and in particular design with reuse. He is a licensed architect in Egypt and Associate AIA in the US.

Ralph Badinelli

Professor, Business Information Technology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA

Ralph D. Badinelli is Professor of Business Information Technology. He received the Ph.D., M.S. in Management and M.S. in Physics from Purdue University, and the B.S. degree in Mathematics and Physics from Hofstra University. Prior to coming to Virginia Tech, Dr. Badinelli worked as Production Planning Supervisor for the optics division of a west-coast laser manufacturer. He has consulted with a number of companies on planning, forecasting, and software development. His primary teaching and research interests are in the area of operations management and operations research. He has also taught many executive-development seminars on the subject of project management, process improvement and decision modeling. He has published in Operations Research, Management Science, Decision Sciences, Naval Research Logistics, International Journal of Production Research, Computers and Operations Research, European Journal of Operational Research, and the Journal of the International Academy of Hospitality Research. Dr. Badinelli is a member of INFORMS, a certified member of APICS and the management team of SRII. Dr. Badinelli has been a PI or co-PI on several funded research projects. He has received the R. B. Pamplin College of Business Certificate of Teaching Excellence.

Dr. James R. Jones

Professor, Department:, School of Architecture + Design, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA

(a) Professional Preparation University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Architecture B.Sci. 1981 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Architecture M.Arch 1983 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Architecture Ph.D. 1996 (b) Appointments 2009–Present Director–Ph.D. Program in Design Research, College of Architecture and Urban Studies, Virginia Tech 2006–2007 Consultant–US Environmental Protection Agency Center for Homeland Security 2003 to Present Director–Center for High Performance Learning Environments College of Architecture and Urban Studies Virginia Tech 1997–Present Associate Professor of Architecture, CAUS Virginia Tech 1993–1997 Assistant Professor of Architectural Engineering, North Carolina A&T State University 1983–1993 Research Associate, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.