Gypsum Waste: Differences across Ten European Countries

By Ana Jimenez Rivero, Ana de Guzman Baez and Justo Garcia-Navarro.

Published by The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: December 2, 2015 $US5.00

The European Gypsum Industry is taking measures to reduce, re-use, and recycle gypsum waste, therefore contributing to the 70% target for preparing for re-use, recycling, and other material recovery of non-hazardous Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste by 2020, set down in Directive 2008/98/EC. An overview of current practices towards higher recycling rates of gypsum waste in ten European countries (Austria, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Poland, and the United Kingdom) is presented: from the type of gypsum waste generated to the diverse technical specifications required for the recycled gypsum. The objective is to analyze peculiarities of each country in the path towards achieving a circular economy in the European Gypsum Industry. The results show how in 5 out of the 10 countries under study—Austria, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Poland—only pre-consumer gypsum waste is being diverted from landfill, whereas in Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom, apart from pre-consumer gypsum waste, gypsum waste coming from construction and demolition building sites (post-consumer gypsum waste) is also being processed, and the resulting recycled gypsum is being successfully reincorporated in the manufacturing process, therefore effectively closing the loop of this material.

Keywords: Construction and Demolition Waste, Gypsum Waste, Gypsum Recycling, Recycled Gypsum Quality Criteria

The International Journal of Sustainability Policy and Practice, Volume 11, Issue 4, December 2015, pp.1-9. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: December 2, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 780.578KB)).

Ana Jimenez Rivero

Department of Agroforestry Engineering, Construction Unit, Technical University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Ana de Guzman Baez

Department of Agroforestry Engineering, Construction Unit, Technical University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Dr. Justo Garcia-Navarro

Professor, Department of Agroforestry Engineering, Construction Unit, Technical University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain