Socio-economic Determinants for the Adoption of Soil Conservation Practices under the Rice-Wheat System in the Tarai Region of Nepal

By Narayan Khanal and Keshav Lall Maharjan.

Published by The International Journal of Sustainability in Economic, Social and Cultural Context

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: October 31, 2014 $US5.00

The increasing cost of cultivation, declining soil organic matter and scarcity of water are the major challenges for the sustainability of the rice-wheat system. Soil conservation practices are said to contribute in sustaining the yield of these crops and maintaining the environmental quality. This article analyzes the influence of socio-economic variables in the adoption of existing soil conservation practices.
The data for the study were collected from 180 seed growers spreading across the three Tarai districts of Nepal. The major soil conservation practices used in the rice-wheat system are animal manure, surface seeding, green manure, and other improved practices. A multivariate probit model was run to identify the influence of socio-economic variables on the adoption of the aforementioned conservation practices. The results show that households having less family labor, higher operational land, and higher risk bearing capacity are more likely to adopt surface seeding practices in wheat. Similarly, those having access to irrigation facility are more likely to adopt green manure crops. In case of improved practice adoption, irrigation, training, fertilizer application and risk bearing capacity show the major influence.

Keywords: Sustainability, Soil Conservation, Rice-Wheat System, Multivariate Probit

The International Journal of Social Sustainability in Economic, Social, and Cultural Context, Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2014, pp.27-39. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: October 31, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 648.341KB)).

Dr. Narayan Khanal

PhD Student, Regional and Cultural Studies, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, Higashi Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan

My background is on agriculture. I have seven years working experience on rural livelihoods,especially community empowerment in partnership with farmers groups, government and non-government organizations. I also participated in action research projects intended to validate the farmers' friendly technologies, especially soil conservation practices such as green manure, integrated pest management techniques. Community-based seed production and its sustainability is my another area of interest. My current research is how the community-based seed producers dealing with cereal seeds could sustain. I am dealing it from the perspective of measuring technical efficiency, understanding the adoption of soil conservation practices, and analyzing their marketing.

Prof. Keshav Lall Maharjan

Professor, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC), Hiroshima University (HU), Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan