This paper studies the influence of the matrilineal society in relation to the traditional Minangkabau house of Western Sumatera, Indonesia. It can be clearly seen in the internal layout of the house and the appearance of the architecture, which features a multi-tiered curved roof structure with upswept gables to mimic the horn of a buffalo. The house is owned by the women in the family who live there and is passed down from mother to daughter. It reflects the matrilineal authority and the people’s understanding of designing architecture that is in harmony with nature. The house serves as a residence, a hall for family meetings, and for ceremonial activities. The objectives of this research are to analyse the matrilineal influence on the architecture, and to investigate the architecture on its sustainable and cultural issues. The methodology employed includes reviewing literature on the space planning of the house and cultural issues related to the house. This is supported by field research in villages in Western Sumatera. This is done simultaneously with interviews of the locals and visual data collection of the architecture. Ultimately, the house exhibits conformity of the Minangkabau house to the unique matrilineal culture.
|Keywords:||Matrilineal Society, Minangkabau House, Influence, Sustainable Architectural and Cultural Values|
Associate Professor, Interior Design Programme, School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia
Associate Professor, School of Housing, Building and Planning, University of Science Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Penang, Malaysia
PhD Candidate, School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia
School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia