The Effects of Floods in Tropical Livestock Production: A Colombian Case

By Fabio Alberto Pachón Ariza, Angélica Lesmes and Diego Ivan Martínez Zárate.

Published by The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

ENSO (El Niño/La Niña southern oscillation phenomenon) is a meteorological process that has been influenced by the natural climatic cycle. La Niña, is characterised by rain increase over the normal average. However, as consequence of climatic change, some transformations have affected meteorological and environmental issues such as frequency and intensity of ENSO. Those changes are a threat for tropical sustainable livestock production.

Different studies have contributed to identify effects in dry season for tropical livestock, milk production and fodder quality. Nevertheless, investigations for identifying effects due to rainy season are unusual; hence, this is the goal of this paper. This research, based on direct observation in 62 small towns and more than 600 villages, shows the affectation in livestock production in six Colombian regions during rainy season in 2010 and 2011.

Flood has affected animals, fodder and soils by cattle overgrazing. Soil damage was the main effect in milk production at Altiplano Cundiboyacense region. North region showed affectation in fodder availability. Other regions showed strong damages in infrastructure, for instance road locks. In Western and Southern regions, the affectation was softer, because the direction of the rivers flows from south to north, where converges rainwater of almost all Colombia.

Keywords: Livestock Tropical Production, Flood, Climatic Change

The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp.11-26. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 775.529KB).

Fabio Alberto Pachón Ariza

Professor, Agronomy Faculty, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia, Cundinamarca, Colombia

Professor of rural development at National University of Colombia. Currently student of PhD of agricultural economics at Humboldt University of Berlin. Member of the research group in rural development

Angélica Lesmes

Research, Research group in rural development, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Colombia

Magister in rural development, is member of research group in rural development

Diego Ivan Martínez Zárate

Doctor, Veterinary Medicine, Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Colombia

Doctor in Veterinary Medicine