The researcher discusses the abbreviated term, “3 Rs” as one of the main approaches to reach guaranteed sustainable architecture. This term stands for “Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle”. Each factor of the “3Rs” is thoroughly analyzed and illustrated through different examples showing variable approaches in modern architecture and construction. Considering that buildings and constructions are from the main causes of environmental deterioration and excess destruction of natural resources, some directions in the construction field started taking place to try saving the environment. Therefore, different modern building approaches are through the research illustrated and analyzed. The examples’ analysis is accomplished through discussing the main design symptoms and structural considerations, as well as their advantages and disadvantages. Some of these methods are still under experimental verification, while others have been approved to be efficient and sustainable when used in construction. The research ends up with conclusions describing the most effective approaches and construction methods used to reach a sustainable architecture. In addition, recommendations are given to specify the issues that are still lacking when dealing with the 3 Rs in the sustainable architecture approach.
|Keywords:||Environment, Sustainability, Construction Approaches, Recycling, 3Rs|
PHD Candidate, Faculty of architecture and Urban Planning, Uni Stuttgart, ITKE, Institue of Building Structures and Structural Design, Stuttgart, Baden Württemberg, Germany
Head of the ITKE Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Uni Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Baden Württemberg, Germany