The Analysis of Passive Cooling Strategies in Iranian Traditional Architecture: A Case Study in a Hot and Arid Climate

By Mojtaba Mahdavinia and Aysan Mollaebrahim ghary.

Published by The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability

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A general overview of Iranian traditional architecture principles, in addition to comparative analysis of its elements, indicates the dominant effects of natural environmental factors. In this regard, Climatic factors, considered as the most significant component in natural environment, have a leading influence on the formation of Iran’s architecture. As in some cases, forming factors merely serve as a climatically responsive function and have been shaped according to natural environmental conditions. In Iranian architecture, consistent with the global trend for sustainable architecture, passive architectural strategies, and the maximum use of renewable energies have been served to provide thermal comfort. That being said, passive cooling strategies play an outstanding role in the hot-arid climate of Iran in order to moderate the severe environmental conditions for interior living spaces. As a result these regions are selected as a case study of the research. The aim of this paper is to explore and analyze the most significant strategies of Iranian traditional architecture used as passive cooling systems by means of renewable energies such as wind-catchers, Ab-Anbar (water reservoirs), night ventilation, and Hoz-khaneh. In spite of the fact that these strategies have been replaced with modern technologies which are based on non-renewable energies, the main question is how traditional solutions should be adapted with the needs for the formation of future eco-cities.

Keywords: Traditional Architecture, Passive Strategies, Cooling, Sustainability, Renewable Energies

The International Journal of Environmental Sustainability, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp.47-59. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.714MB).

Dr. Mojtaba Mahdavinia

Member of Scientific Board, Faculty of Art & Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

M. Mahdavinia has a B.Sc. in architecture from Shahid Beheshti University and holds a Master’s in architecture from the University of Arts. M. Mahdavinia also has a Ph.D. in architecture with focus on “Sustainable Architecture” and “Energy Efficiency in Building Design” from Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST).

Aysan Mollaebrahim ghary

M.Sc Student, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Design, Polytechnic Institute of Milan, Milan, Italy

A. Molla Ebrahim has a B.Sc. in architecture from Iran University of Science & Technology. Currently, A. Molla Ebrahim is studying for a Master’s in architecture with a focus on “Sustainability in Large Scale Buildings” at Polytechnic Institute of Milan (Italy).